Meaning, Importance and Advantage of Physical Fitness

Meaning

Different people have different points of view regarding physical fitness. For a common man to have a good physique is a symbol of physical fitness. For a doctor, the proper functioning of physiological systems is physical fitness. In fact, physical fitness is a simple term with a wide meaning.

Physical fitness of common person means the capacity to do the routine work without any fatigue or exertion and after doing his work he has power to do some more work the recovery is quicker. Physical fitness is more than the possession of strength and endurance. It means having the best possible health with the capacity to do one’s everyday task to engage in recreational pursuits and to meet emergencies, when they arise. As, a matter of fact, physical fitness is possessed by the individual, who remain enthusiast, work cheerfully and dose the emergency work with vigour. Physical fitness implies a relation between the task to be performed and the individual’s capability to perform it.

In fact, it can be said that physical fitness is the ability to function effectively and efficiently, to enjoy leisure, to be healthy, to resist disease and to cope with the emergency situations. Physical fitness varies according to the nature of work, individual’s size, shape of the body, age and sex. For physical fitness, we require an efficient motor mechanism, efficient organic mechanism and an efficient mental functioning. A physically fit individual should possess a sufficient reserve of energy to meet the demands of emergencies in which a person is unexpectedly called upon to perform activities demanding unusual expenditure of strength, energy and adaptive ability under unfavourable environment.

Importance

Development of Personality

Fitness programme help an individual to maintain her physique which ultimately improves his personality (externally) and also help in avoiding various postural deformities.

Better Quality of Work

A physically fit person can concentrate well on his work or job which improves his efficiency and results in better quality of work.

Assist In Proper Growth and Development

When an individual takes a part regularly in physical fitness programme ten it really helps him to grow and develop better.

Decrease Stress

When an individual take part regularly in fitness training programme, then he is also able to relieve stress and tensions of life up to some extent and feel fresh, cool and calm.

Develops Social Quality

When individuals are collectively taking part in fitness training programme then the individual are developing various social qualities in them.

Body Systems Functions Well

When an individual takes part regularly in fitness programme then their various systems also get exercise which improves their efficiency of functioning.

Advantages

Mood

Overall well-being improves with exercise. The combination of creating a string mind-body connection, creating a healthy body, and focusing inward can all lead to improvement in your mood.

Self-acceptance

Focusing inward and realizing through your exercise that perfection is not the goal, self-acceptance begins to take over.

Self-control

The controlled movement of exercise teach you how to translate the self-control to all aspects of your life.

Mind-Body Connection

Few other exercises offer the same mind-body connection that yoga does. As you match your controlled breathing with the movements of your body, you retain your mind to find that place of calm and piece.

Memory

Improved blood circulation to the brain as well as reduction in stress and improve focus results in a better memory.

Reduce Depression

The negative feelings that you may be repressing are brought to the surface during some type of exercise. When this happens, the negative energy is so longer stuck within you, but released through exercise. Regularly releasing this negativity leads to a reduction of depression in many people.…

Why We Need Exercises?

Increase In Heart Rate

Generally the resting heart rate of an adult remains at 72 beats per minute. The elite endurance athletes usually have 28 to 40 beats per minute. Even before the beginning of exercise the heart rate increase in anticipation. It is known as anticipatory response. When an individual starts exercise his heart rate increase as per the intensity and duration of the exercise.

Decrease In Blood Pressure

Regular exercise decreases the blood pressure (systolic and diastolic blood pressure) by up to 10mm Hg at rest.

Increase In Blood Volume

The regular exercises increase the blood volume. In fact, there is increase in plasma volume which enhances the blood volume. In addition, the body produces a greater number of red blood cells in order to keep the muscles supplied with oxygen during heavy exercise.

Quicker Recovery Rate

Regular exercise quickens the recovery rate. A trained athlete’s heart rate becomes normal earlier in comparison to beginner. Rate of respiration also become normal quickly. Therefore, the recovery becomes fast.

educed Risk Of Heart Diseases

Regular exercise gradually reduces stress-related hormones from circulation in the blood. This increases the blood vessel path, which in turn lowers the risk for the buildup of plaque that can lead to coronary heart diseases. Hence, exercises reduce the risk of heart diseases.

Effect Of Exercises On Respiratory System

Regular exercises have following effects on respiratory system:

Strong Willpower

Regular exercises increase will power of the individual. As Pranayama, the specific exercise for lungs increases the will power of the doer.

Increases in Tidal Air Capacity

Tidal air is the amount of air that flows in and out of the lungs in each quiet respiratory movement but tidal air capacity is the amount of air that can be breathed in and breathed out, over and above the tidal air by the deepest possible inspiration/expiration respective. It estimated at about 500 to 800 cc. After doing regular exercises, it has been noted that this tidal air capacity can be increased.

Decrease in Rate of Respiration

It is certain that when a beginner starts exercise, his rate of respiration increases. But when the same individual performs exercises daily, his rate of respiration decreases in comparison to the beginning stage at rest.

Increase in Size of Lungs and Chest

When a person performs exercise regularly, he requires more amount of O2. He inhales more amount of air during exercise. Consequently, his lungs and chest are exercised. After some period, the size of his lungs and chest increases.

Increases in Residual Air Volume

Residual air is that amount of air, which is left in the lungs after exhalation. If an individual performs regular exercise, his residual air capacity increases in comparison to an individual who does not perform regular exercise.
Effects of Exercises on Muscular System

Regular exercises have following effects on muscular system:

Changes in Shape And Size Of Muscle

Through regular exercise, the shape and size of muscle is changed. In fact, cells of muscles are enlarged which change the shape and size of muscle.

Controls Extra Fat

Regular exercise controls the extra fat of body. Exercises burn the calories which are taken in the form of fat.

Formation of More Capillaries

When exercises are done, the colour of muscles is changed, because number of new capillaries is formed for a better efficiency of blood circulation.

Body Posture Remains Correct

By doing exercise regularly, the strength of muscles increases, which in turn, keeps the body posture in correct position. The postural deformities do not occur. If there is any physical deformity, it is removed by doing regular exercise.…

Why Fitness is Important

Physical fitness is the ability to function effectively and efficiently, to enjoy leisure, to be healthy, to resist disease and to cope with the emergency situations. Physical fitness is very really very significant for leading a happy and well-balanced life. Physical fitness is necessary for reducing the risk of heart and lung diseases. Physically fit individuals tend to have lower resting blood pressure. Everyone wants to maintain one’s physical fitness because owning to physical fitness; one can perform the routine work easily. That’s why it is said that physical fitness adds years to one’s life.

Many people remain under the impression that physical fitness is necessary only for sports person because they participate in vigorous activities of sports and games. They are not aware that physical fitness is necessary for a common man. Although physical fitness varies according to the task to be performed, yet a certain level of physical fitness is for a common man too.

Physical fitness is important in the daily activities of walking, running, lifting and carrying. Physical fitness also improves posture and personal appearance. Physical fitness changes our lifestyle or way of life. If we want to lead a healthy life, it is necessary for be physically fit. Doctors indicate that physical fitness maintains muscular tissues, decreases the risk of injury and reduces lower back pain. They also assert that muscular problems usually arise due to lack of physical fitness. Through physical fitness we may remain active. Research studies in the field of physical fitness indicate that the children, who establish physical fitness in early life, are likely to remain active in future.

Physical fitness plays a key role in improving the mental capacity of an individual. Physical fitness tends to enhance the productivity and the quality at work. In fact, the complete efficiency of an individual is enhanced.
A physically fit person can manage stress easily, efficiently and effectively because such a person have positive attitude towards stress. He/she takes stress as a force for motivation.

Research studies show that physically fit persons use the stress advantageously. Such persons can bear the stress due to better health status. They are more resistant to the effect of stress than physically less fit individuals. Along this, owing to physical fitness, a person feels better and looks better. As a matter of fact, physical fitness programme help us in improving the shape and size of our body. Physical fitness helps in beautification of body. By toning the body it enhances the overall appearance. It keeps an individual beautiful and glowing.

It is helpful in keeping healthy mind and healthy body which ultimately boost and enhances self-confidence of an individual. It has also been observed that physically fit individuals are more able to meet the challenges of life. Several studies have proven that physical fitness increases the resistance power against diseases which finally increases the life expectancy. That is why it is said that physical fitness is helpful in postponing the aging process.

So, it can be concluded that physical fitness is necessary for everyone in every walk of life. Its level may vary from a common man to that of an international athlete. The more and more stress should be laid down upon the physical fitness of individuals.

We should never forget that the Battle of Waterloo was won at the playfield of Eton. Only the physical fitness and wellness of people can make a nation strong. Swami Vivekananda also said, “Today we do not need Bhagwat Geeta but football fields.” In fact, he laid stress on physical fitness as well as wellness of our citizens so that they could ameliorate the nation’s honour and prestige.…